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THE SPANISH LANGUAGE

Spanish is the second most spoken language in the world due to the number of speakers who claim it as their native tongue (after Mandarin Chinese). It is spoken as a first and second language amongst 450 and 500 million people. It is the third most spoken language as a first or second language after Mandarin Chinese and English combined, and is the mother tongue to 400 million people worldwide... Read more

INFORMATIONS



COLOMBIA Country Profile

The Republic of Colombia, is the north westernmost country of South America. Colombia is bordered to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; to the North by the Atlantic Ocean, through the Caribbean Sea; and to the west by Panama and the Pacific Ocean. Colombia is also the only country in South America that borders both the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean.
Colombia is a large and physically diverse nation. It is the fourth-largest country in South America (after Brazil, Argentina, and Peru), with an area seven times greater than that of New England; more than twice that of France; Its vast territory is one of great physical contrasts, ranging from the towering, snow capped peaks of the Andes to the hot, humid plains of the Amazon River Basin. Not only is Colombia large in area, but it also has a large population, containing more people than any other South American country except Brazil. The nation's population is not evenly distributed. Most of the people live in the mountainous western third of the country, where Bogotá, the capital, and most of Colombia's other large cities are located.

Capital:
.: Bogotá

Area:
.: Total: 1,141,748 km˛ (26th) 440,839 sq mi
.: Water (%): 8.80

Independence:
.: From Spain declared: July 20, 1810 
.: Recognised: August 7, 1819
Official languages:
.: Spanish

Population:
.: July 2005 census: 45,600,000 (28th)
.: 2005 census: 42,090,502
.: Density: 40/km˛ (161st) 104/sq mi

PROFILES COLOMBIA

profiles - colombia Colombia is located in the north west of South America. It is bordered by Panama (northwest), The Caribbean Sea (north), Venezuela and Brazil (east), Peru and Ecuador (South), and the Pacific Ocean (west). 70% of Colombia’s 46 million inhabitants live in an urban area. The country is mainly Roman Catholic and the official language is Spanish. Various indigenous groups around the country still speak their traditional languages and practice traditional cultural beliefs.

The northern Caribbean coast offers idyllic conditions for any number of exciting water sports and is characterised by a host of modern beach resorts. For culture enthusiasts, the country has a rich historical legacy which includes many pre-Hispanic ruins, many of which lie within easy reach of the capital, Bogotá. Bogota also has some fine examples of colonial architecture. Colombia has thirty-four national parks as well as a growing number of nature reserves which provide opportunities to pursue a wide range of activities ranging from climbing or mountain biking in the Andes to bird-watching and fishing in the Amazon.

PEOPLE AND CULTURE

people and culture - colombia Traditionally the majority of Colombia’s people lived in rural areas or small villages. However, since the 1950’s, there has been a steady migration to the cities, especially Bogota. Today approximately 75% of Colombia’s population resides in its main cities. Bogota alone has more that 6 million people.

The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is home to a number of Indian communities as well as one of South America's most important archaeological sites, Cuidad Perdida. Cuidad Perdida has been given the ‘nickname’ The Lost City due to the fact that it was only just rediscovered in 1975. Colombia’s culture is heavily influenced by the different immigrant groups that have migrated there over time. Its folklore, arts, music and crafts are a combination of the Inigenous, Spanish and Aftican people that called Columbia home for many generations.

GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT

Colombia is located on the northwestern corner of the South American continent. It is bound by Panama and the Caribbean Sea to the northwest, Venezuela to the northeast, Brazil to the southeast, Ecuador and Peru to the south and the Pacific Ocean in the west.

Colombia's position so close to the equator means that its temperature varies little through out the year. The temperature in the low lands and coastal regions is generally hot and humid throughout the year. In the mountainous regions the temperature is a lot colder, particularly at elevations above 2000 metres. Average temperatures in the coastal and lowland regions range between 24 degrees Celsius (76 degrees F) and 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees F). in the mountainous regions above 2000 metres temperatures range from -15 degrees Celsius (2 degrees F) to 13 degrees Celsius (56 degrees F). The greater the altitude the colder it gets.

Colombia can be divided into four different climatic zones: 1. The central highlands which consist of the Cordillera Occidental, the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera Oriental Ranges as well as a massive plateau called the Sabana de Bogota. (2.) The Atlantic lowlands which consist of the plains north of the highlands, although they are connected to the Cauca and Magdalena River Valleys, and the isolated mountain systems called the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. (3.) The Pacific lowlands which consist of the coastal lowland area called the Serrania de Baudo as well as jungles and swamps. (4.) The Amazon Basin which comprises most of eastern Colombia and is situated to the east of the Andes. The northern and southern regions of Colombia are also lowland jungle regions. There is generally only two notable seasons in Colombia, the wet and the dry. The wet season goes from March to May and September to November. The dry season from December to February and June to August. In the Amazon jungle region it can rain at any time of the year. In the north of the country the wet season generally lasts from April to November.

WEATHER AND CLIMATE

weather and climate - colombia Colombia's position so close to the equator means that its temperature varies little through out the year. The temperature in the low lands and coastal regions is generally hot and humid throughout the year. In the mountainous regions the temperature is a lot colder, particularly at elevations above 2000 metres. Average temperatures in the coastal and lowland regions range between 24 degrees Celsius (76 degrees F) and 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees F). in the mountainous regions above 2000 metres temperatures range from -15 degrees Celsius (2 degrees F) to 13 degrees Celsius (56 degrees F). The greater the altitude the colder it gets.

MONEY

Colombia’s official currency is the Colombian peso. There are automated teller machines offering 24 hr service throughout the country.
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COLOMBIA
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